Muslims are the believers who trust ALLAH Almighty, Holy Quran and Prophet Muhammad (PBUH). Muslims are those who have complete trust in ALLAH Almighty; those who believe that ALLAH Almighty is with them, knows what they imagine, say and do.
Muslims look for knowledge. Islam encouraged mankind to learn. Therefore, from the beginning of history of Islam, the concrete sign of Islam (the Mosque or Masjid) became the centre of learning. The Holy Quran recurrently urges the faithful to obtain knowledge, knowledge that would bring them closer to ALLAH Almighty and to His creation. Many verses of the sacred book Holy Quran command this act, Verse 39:9 of Holy Quran,
Is one who is devoutly obedient during periods of the night, prostrating and standing [in prayer], fearing the Hereafter and hoping for the mercy of his Lord, [like one who does not]? Say, “Are those who know equal to those who do not know?” Only they will remember [who are] people of understanding.
The mosque played a chief part in the spread of education in the Muslim community, and the association of the masjid with education remained one of its major characteristics throughout the Islamic history. From the earliest days of Islam, the masjid was the centre of the Muslim society, a place for prayer, meditation, religious teaching, political discussion, and a school. And anywhere Islam took hold, masjids were established, and essential religious and educational instruction began. Once established, masjid developed into well-known places of knowledge, frequently with hundreds, even thousands, of students, and frequently contained significant libraries.
The initial school connected to a masjid was set up at Madina in 653, and by 900 almost every masjid had an elementary school for the education of both girls and boys The fundamental format in which education took place in the masjid was the study circle, better recognized in the Muslim World as “Halaqat al-‘Ilm”, or Halaqa for short. A Halaqa is accurately defined as ‘a gathering of individuals seated in a circle’ or ‘a gathering of students around a teacher’
Enemies of Islam blame the decline of Muslim development on Islam rather than on the profession and devastation, by powerful anti-Islamic forces, of its centres of knowledge, such as Cordoba, Baghdad, and Seville, we terminate that from its initial days, Islam went hand in hand with scholarship and information. As well as the verses of the Holy Quran and the sayings of the Prophet (PBUH) which urged people to learn and look for knowledge, the masjid, the concrete sign of Islam, was the most significant centre of learning in the Muslim world. Certainly, in most Muslim countries, the word Jami’ means at once both masjid and school. Muslims consider masjid, where Muslims offer daily prayers, as places or houses of ALLAH Almighty that are very dear to them.
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