1– FAITH (Imaan):
There is no god worthy of worship except ALLAH Almighty and
Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) is His messenger. This declaration of this faith is known as the Shahada, a simple way which all the faithful and believers pronounce. The importance of this declaration of Shahada is the belief that the only purpose of human life is to serve and obey ALLAH Almighty, and this is achieved through the practices and teachings of the Last Prophet, Prophet Muhammad (PBUH).
2- PRAYER (SALAH):
Namaz is the name of the obligatory prayers; namaz is performed five times everyday, and also it creates a direct link between the worshipper and ALLAH Almighty. Namaz are led by a person who knows the Holy Quran and also learned it, for congregation. These five times daily namaz contain verses from the Holy Quran, and are read in Arabic language, the actual language of the Revelation, but personal supplication (dua) can be done in one’s own language.
Prayers are performed at prescribed timings at dawn (fajr), noon (Zuhar), mid-afternoon (Asar), sunset (Maghrib) and nightfall (Isha). It is recommended to perform namaz together in a masjid with congregation, but a Muslim can perform namaz anywhere possible with neat and clean place and clothes, such as in fields, offices, universities, factories.
3- THE ZAKAT (Charity):
One of the most important laws of Islam is that all things belong to ALLAH Almighty. The term zakat means ‘purification’ and ‘growth’. Our wealth and money are purified by setting aside a particular proportion for those who are poor and in need, and, like for getting the beautiful plant, prune of plants is necessary; this cutting balances and encourages to new growth. A pious Muslim may also give as much as he or she pleases in charity as sadaqah, and keep it so preferably in secret. Although Zakat is obligatory charity whereas Sadaqah is voluntary charity, both have wider meaning. Each able Muslim calculates his or her zakat individually.
4- THE FAST (Roza):
Every year in the month of Holy Ramadan, all Muslims do fast from Fajr to maghrib and abstain him or herself from eating, drinking, and all prohibited activities. Children begin to fast (and to start performing the namaz) from puberty, although many Childs start earlier.
Although the fast is very beneficial to the human’s health, it is regarded as a method of soul and self purification. Through Fast a person cut off from all worldly comforts, even for a short period of time.
5- THE PILGRIMAGE (HAJJ):
Hajj is the annual obligatory pilgrimage to city Makkah, Performing Hajj is an obligation for those who are financially and physically able to perform it.
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